- (May 25) North Korea announces it has conducted its second nuclear test
- (Mar 26) Sinking of ROK Cheonan corvette by NK torpedo. NK denies it was responsible for the sinking
- (Nov 23) Bombardment of Yeonpyeong. North Korean forces fired around 170 artillery shells and rockets at Yeonpyeong Island, hitting both military and civilian targets
(Oct 24-25) U.S. officials, led by U.S. Ambassador Stephen Bosworth, meet with a North Korean delegation, led by First Vice Foreign Minister Kim Kye-gwan, in Geneva, Switzerland, in an effort to restart the six-party nuclear arms talks that broke down in 2008.
- (Feb 29) Leap Day Agreement. The U.S. State Department announces that North Korea has agreed to a moratorium on long-range missile launches and nuclear activity at Yongbyon, the nation’s major nuclear facility.
- (Apr 13) North Korea’s long-range Unha-3 rocket launch is a failure.
- (Dec 12) North Korea successfully launches an Unha-3 long-range rocket from the Sohae Space Center in Cholsan County and puts a “working satellite”
- (Jan 24) North Korea’s National Defense Commission says it will continue nuclear testing and long-range rocket launches, all of which are a part of an “upcoming all-out action” aimed at the United States, “the sworn enemy of the Korean people.”
- Two days prior to this statement, the United Nations Security Council condemned a recent rocket launch by North Korea and expanded sanctions.
- (Feb 12) Conducts its third underground nuclear test. This is the first nuclear test carried out under leader Kim Jong Un.
- (Mar 7) The UN Security Council unanimously tightens sanctions
- (Apr 2) NK restarts nuclear reactor at Yongbyon
- (Apr 3) South Korea denied entry to Kaesong Industrial Zone
- (Sept 16) Kaesong Industrial Zone opens
(Feb 27) According to South Korean Defense Ministry, North Korea launches four scud missiles into the sea off its eastern coast. The scud missiles were fired in the direction of Russia and fell into the sea.
(March 3) According to South Korean Defense Ministry, North Korea fires two short-range missiles off its eastern coast. This is the second launch in less than a week.
(Oct 2) A senior North Korean envoy says the country is ready to resume the six-party talks regarding its nuclear program. However, referring to joint exercises by South Korea and the United States, So Se Pyong, North Korea’s ambassador to the UN, said the DPRK “have to be alert also, we have to be prepared to make counter measures against military exercise which are against us.”
- (May 9) NK tested a submarine-launched missile
- (Dec 12) North Korea state media says the country has added the hydrogen bomb to its arsenal, a development that, if true, would represent a major leap in its nuclear weapons capabilities. A hydrogen bomb can be hundreds of times more powerful than an atomic bomb.
- (Jan 6) NK claims to have carried out hydrogen bomb test
- (Feb 7) NK successfully launches another satelline on the Unha-3
- (Feb 10) South Korea orders closing of Kaesong Industrial Complex
- (Mar 21) According to South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), North Korea fires five short-range projectiles from an area south of Hamhung city, South Hamgyong province, on the country’s east coast.
(April 15) The regime attempts to fire a missile — reportedly a medium-range Musudan-type — from its eastern coast Friday, the birthday of North Korea’s founder, Kim Il Sung. The launch ended in failure, according to South Korean and U.S. officials.
(April 23) North Korea fires what is believed to be a submarine-launched ballistic missile off the east coast of the Korean peninsula. It appears to have flown about 30 kilometers (about 19 miles), well short of the 300 kilometers (roughly 186 miles) that would be considered a successful test, according to South Korean officials. North Korean state news agency KCNA claims that the launch was successful and says North Korean leader Kim Jong Un “guided on the spot the underwater test-fire of strategic submarine ballistic missile.”
(April 28) North Korea fires two midrange Musudan missiles, but both appear to have failed, according to a South Korean Defense Ministry official. The military cannot confirm exactly when the missile exploded but said it “crashed shortly after it was launched.”